Ternate is a city, an island and town in the Maluku Islands (Moluccas) of eastern Indonesia, located off the west coast of the larger island of Halmahera, the center of the powerful former Sultanate of Ternate. Like its neighbouring island, Tidore, Ternate is a visually dramatic cone-shaped island. The islands are ancient Islamic sultanates with a long history of bitter rivalry.
The islands were the world’s single major producer of cloves, upon which their sultans became among the wealthiest and most powerful sultans in the Indonesian region. In the precolonial era, Ternate was the dominant political and economic power over most of the “Spice Islands” of Maluku. Today, Ternate is the largest town in the province of North Maluku, within which the island constitutes a municipality.
Ternate Sultanate played important roles in the development of eastern Indonesia during the 13th to 17th centuries. In its heyday (16th Century), Ternate Sultanate’s Territories covered the entire Maluku, and other surrounding areas like North Sulawesi, the Southern Philippines, and Marshall Islands in the Pacific Ocean.
Mount Gamalama, which is also often referred to as the peak of Ternate, is a stratovolkano, the volcano high and conical, composed of lava and volcanic ash that hardened. Mountain 11 km in diameter has a double crater lake and crater. Mount Gamalama, is also one of Indonesia’s volcanoes are still active. As written in www.geocities.com, since the year 1538 AD to the present, has lava spouted Gamalama more than 70 times. Six of them, causing natural disasters, namely the years 1771-1772 that killed around 30 people, about 1,300 people died from storm surge caused by the eruption in the year 1775, and the eruption in 1962 claimed about five people. Last time, the mountain spewed his guts in the year 2003 but no casualties.
By the local community, Gamalama believed to have many sacred values. No wonder so many myths in circulation, and strengthen the sanctity of this mountain. For instance, local people are always advised on a team that plans to climb Mount Gamalama to have an even number of members. Before climbing too, as much as possible to pray, so do not experience barriers to travel.
Although impressed dangerous, but kept the charm Gamalama extraordinary beauty. So, no wonder if many of the explorers of nature that is excited to climb this mountain. Stretch of clove and nutmeg plantations, will accompany the climbers during the trip to the summit. Once on top of the mountain, the climbers can see Ternate Island landscape. Not only that, several other islands, such as Tidore Island, Halmahera Island, and Island Maitara, can be seen from here.
In addition to stunning scenery, hikers will also find unique places in these mountains. Among them is a stone fountain in the groove width of a large pan, which by local people called Abdas springs. It is said that this spring can cure various diseases. So, no wonder if the people of Ternate so hallowed this spring. Thus, there are certain rules to take water from springs Abdas, which should not be scrambled, and each person is only allowed to take one bottle.
In addition Abdas springs, other interesting places are the people of Ternate ancestral graves, hundreds of years old. Unknown, why these graves could be there at the peak of Mount Gamalama. But certainly, the people of Ternate very hallowed graves. Many people who climb Mount Gamalama Ternate for pilgrimage at the tomb of this ancestor.
Tolire Lake under Gamalama foothills, the highest volcano in North Maluku. Lakes are two that between the two lake is 200 meters and the local people call it the Tolire Big Lakes and Tolire Small lakes who has many legendary stories about these lakes.
Tolire Big Lakes unique shape, like a giant bowl. From the edge of the lake until the lake water level is about 50 meters and the lake area is about 5 Tolire Large hectares. The depth down to the bottom of the lake up to now unknown. Until now no one has measured the depth of this lake.
According to legend, its depth miles and deal directly with the sea. Tolire Lakes is fresh-water lake with various kinds of kinds of fish in this lake. But local people were do not brave enough to catch fish or bathe in the lake never. They are believe that the lake where the water is yellowish brown, the crocodile inhabited by many demons.
Crocodiles stealth, he said often seen swimming in the middle of the lake. It is white and about 10 meters long. Not everyone can see the crocodile stealth, and only those who are lucky. According to the local community, in a clean heart condition, one’s chance of seeing alligators in the lake was invisible.
According to the local community, many treasures are stored at the base of the Tolire Big Lakes. This treasure belongs to the people when the Portuguese ruled the Sultanate of Ternate at the 15th century. Community Ternate was a lot of waste of valuable property into the lake so as not deprived of the Portuguese army.
There was no particular agency or party that specifically investigate the correctness of the recognition that society. And local residents say there is a member of the Brigade by using sonar to detect objects in the bottom of the lake. The result, indicated no metal objects at the bottom of the lake.
According to the legend of the Tolire Big Lakes and Tolire Small lake starts from a village where people live in prosperity. Then the village was cursed into the lake by the ruler of the universe, because it is a forbidden love story of a father in the village itself was knocked up his daughter so that her child was pregnant.
And father and daughter who knocked it will escape out the village, suddenly the ground where they were standing collapsed and turned into a lake. Known Tolire Big Lakes as a place of the father, while Tolire Little Lake believed to be the place of the doughter.
Another uniqueness of this lake is that is someone made throw something into the lake, however the strength of the throw by using stone or other object, for example, will never touch the water of the lake.
Although the throw from the edge of the lake, the lake looks under the feet of the thrower. Perhaps those who first visited the lake, would not believe the facts.
Afo Clove Tree
Cloves are located in the village Tongole, Ternate Central District, or about 6 km from the center of the city of Ternate, in the trunk visible trace of a machete blow from irresponsible elements.
Clove tree is 416 years old, Height 36.60 m, 198 m Central Line and Circle of 4.26 m. Afo clove is capable of producing about 400 kg of cloves per year.
This black sand beach is for some strange reason the most popular one with locals on the whole island. Perhaps what they like here is the view of neighbouring Pulau Hiri – definitely very pretty. If you come here for a swim, try and swim over to the left past the bushy, rocky stretch of coast to reach an isolated small, white sand beach. Snorkellers should also check out the bay from where Hiri boats leave – a few minutes walk back towards the town.
The Heritage Forts
Fort Oranye. In 1599 two Dutch ships under the command of Wijbrand van Warwijck arrived in Ternate. In 1605 the VOC succeeded in driving the Portuguese from Ternate Ternate, but a year later captured by the Spanish. In 1607 a VOC admiral named Cornelis de Jonge Matelieff helping the Sultan of Ternate to expel the Spanish from Ternate. For its success, he received permission from the Sultan to establish a fort in the former Malay Sultan’s fortress that has been damaged. In addition, the Sultan also gave permission to the VOC for the spice trade monopoly. The fortress was originally called Fort Malay and then in 1609 its name was changed to Fort Orange by the Dutch authorities first in the Moluccas, Paul van Carden. However, the name of Malay fort remained in use until several years later. On February 17, 1613, when Pieter Both was appointed first Governor-General of the VOC, the Decision Letter on February 17, 1613, the Board of Commissioners Heren Zeventien in the Netherlands set the Maluku region as a center of VOC official position and the town of Ternate and Ambon (Amboina) becomes choice of the official residence of the Governor-General. At that time Ternate play a bigger role, and Fort Orange became the Dutch East Indies Council held their meetings, which among others in charge of making rules and decisions of the VOC. Pieter Both talks at Fort Oranje with Mudaffar Sultan of Ternate and agreed a number of things about Ternate subjects who crossed over to VOC and switch religions, and the slaves who fled to the power of Europeans and Christians who are taken prisoner handling Ternate troops.
Fort Kalamata. Built in 1540 by Antonio Pigaveta of Portuguese as a fortress for the expansion of Portuguese territory on the island of Ternate. However after the Portuguese left Ternate 1575, Spain occupied the fort and used as a trading post. In 1609 the Dutch fort was restored under the leadership of Pieter Both and used as a fortress of defense. 13-16 February 1624 the Dutch Governor and Deputy Le Febre Admiral Geen Huigen Schapenham attempt to repair the fort, but later abandoned. In 1627 van gills Zeyst leave the castle and later occupied by the Spanish until 1663. Besides being used as atrading post, the fort is also called the Castle of Santa Lucia or the Red Fort Wood was also used as a center to launch an offensive against the Dutch. On 29 April 1798 by troops captured Fort Kalamatta Kaicil Nuku (Sultan Tidore 19th) who assisted the troops and British ships. The fort was repaired byMajor Lutzow in 1799. As a result of this fortress being betrayed into the hands of England in 1801, but then the Dutch took them back. The Dutch occupied the fort until 1810. Resident van Helback 1843 officially emptied of this castle. The fort became poorly maintained and gradually became a slum. Kalamata name is taken from the name of a Prince of Ternate Kaicil Kalamata, brother of the Sultan Mandarsjah and uncle of Sultan Kaicil SiboriAmsterdam (1675-1690). Prince Kalamatta died in Makassar 1676.
Fort Tolukko. The fort was originally known by the name Tolukko and then better known as Hollandia Castle, built in 1540 by Francisco Serao, a Portuguese commander. Some say that Tolukko name is the name of the tenth ruler who sat on the throne of Ternate: Kaicil Tolukko; but because the Emperor is a new rule in the year 1692 it is not possible the name of the fort was given following the name of the Sultan. According to historical records the Netherlands, in 1610 the Portuguese fort was repaired by Pieter Both, a Dutchman, and are intended as a defense against the Spaniards who are busy pounding the island of Ternate. The fort was also used as a place to lead the people who fled the Spanish attack for going back to live in this place. At that time most of the people fled to Fort Malayo. In 1612, there were reportedly 15 to 20 soldiers in this fort, which is equipped with a number of weapons and ammunition. Under the administration of Governor Jacques le Febre in 1627, stated that the fort is located not far above the hill in the north of this Malayo Castle, equipped with two small towers. When the fort was led by a corporal who was brought from Fort Malayo who is also a source of food supply for 22 people who served in the army in Fort Tolukko. In 1661, the Dutch Government Council Mandarsyah allow Sultan of Ternate to live in this castle with his troops. Following the Sultan’s presence, then the Dutch garrison at the Fort Tolukko reduced to only 160 people. On April 16, 1799, troops Kaicil Nuku (Sultan Tidore his 19th) but they attacked the fort Tolukko successfully beaten back by the combined forces of Ternate-VOC. But by the fighting and in particular a prolonged siege by the forces Nuku, residents of Ternate city in the month of June 1797 amounted to 3307 souls, then live 2157 inhabitants. The others died of famine or war and fled to Halmahera. Under the leadership of the Resident P. Van der Crab in 1864, the fort was vacated because almost all the buildings have been damaged. 1996. Redeveloped, but those efforts would eliminate the authenticity of the building such as removal of underground tunnels that relate directly to the sea.
Fort Kastela. The fort was built in stages over a period of approximately 20 years. After starting by Antonio de Brito in the year 1522, construction resumed in 1525 by his successor, Garcia Henriquez, then continued on in 1530 by the Goncalo Pereira for the year 1540 finally completed by the Portuguese authorities to-8 in there, Jorge de Castro. Ternate popular uprising that ended with the expulsion Portuguese from Ternate in 1575, began when Sultan Khairun killed after the banquet which was held in this castle. After a controlled Ternate, the fort was captured by the Spanish in the control of Ternate in 1606 until 1660, when the castle and all the city Gam Lamo scorch earth. Since the incident, the fort was later abandoned. Dutch who then controlled Ternate, preferring to establish a new stronghold in the location of the former fort Malayo than fix this castle.