Buru Island formerly part of central Maluku District, the province of Maluku, since Oct 12,1999 has become a new district together with Ambalau island and some other small islands. Namlea (3000 ha) on the district of East North Buru is the Sub District’s Capital as well as the district’s.
Buru island is the second largest island in the Maluku Province after the island of Seram, appr. 11.117 sq.km. There are some rivers on Buru island, some big ones like Wae Apu (Wae means water/river) on the north, Wae Mala on the south, having their water coming from Rana Lake. The large level lands on East North Buru are Wae Apu, Wae Kumu, Wae Mala and Wae Li, which are feasible for the development of agricultural production. The island can produce appr. 50 thousand tons of rice in 2 harvest time a year. Beside that, Buru is very famous for its original eucalyptus oil.
Other plantation products are cashew, cocoa, coconut/copra, nutmeg, cloves, coffe, tobacco etc. A local grain plantation, named “hotong” is also popular in Buru Surea Sp, Vitex goffasus, Tektonagrandis, aloe, Lepiniopsis ternatensis, dominated the wood from the forest.
The existing fauna are parrots, reptiles, fishes etc.
Most of the development is concentrated on the Subdistrict of East North Buru. The structure and infrastructure/facilities are concentrated in Namlea, as the capital of the District of Buru and the East North Buru sub Subdistrict as well, so compared to the other four subdistricts, the East North Buru Subdistrict’ more developed and become the commercial centre of Buru.’ island.
Date Mountain and Rana Lake
The population of Buru island in gener Moslem, Protestant, Catholic, Hindu and Budha. Before these religions came to Buru island, the native people had owned their ancestral beliefs. According to the tribe believe, the ancestors those were believed as god, live on “Date ” mountain and on the ” Rana” lake. So Date and Rana were the reincarnation of the ancestors. The worship towards the ancestors also means the worship towards Date and Rana.
Date and Rana have holy and sacrade means and as a main worship in their ancestral believe. Therefore the Date mountain and the Rana lake are the holy and sacred places for the Buru people.
The first man who stepped his feet on Buru island were the ancestors who were symbolized by a white feathered mythical bird that perched on Date mountain. So this mythical bird is regarded as the shape of the ancestors, according to the belief of the Buru community. The mythical bird always appears in every traditional precession at Rana lake and Date mountain, appearance is believed to be the attendance of the ancestors’ spirit and it shows that the ceremony is blessed by the ancestors and will bring peace and happiness.